You might not think much about how your air conditioner operates, but it needs refrigerant to keep your residence cool. This refrigerant is subject to environmental rules, because of the chemicals it contains.

Depending on when your air conditioner was installed, it may require R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll go over the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Covington, in addition to how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it probably uses Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner contains it by calling us at (770) 462-5319. You can also inspect the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is found outside your residence. This sticker will have information on what type of refrigerant your AC uses.

Freon, which is also referred to as R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider this chemical to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that results in global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, banned its manufacture and import in January 2020.

I Use an Air Conditioner with R-22. Do I Need to Get a New One?

It depends. If your air conditioning is running properly, you can continue to use it. With routine air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your AC to run around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on summertime cooling expenses!

If you don’t get a new air conditioner, it might create a problem if you require air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs might be higher-priced, as only reduced levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.

With the discontinuation of R-22, most new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also known as R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer strong. As it calls for a varying pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that use R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to create global warming. As a consequence, it could also ultimately be discontinued. Although it hasn’t been communicated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s anticipated sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?

In preparation of the end, some companies have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming possibility—about one-third less than R-410A. And it also reduces energy consumption by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be sent on to you through your cooling costs.

Covington Air Systems Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In summary, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you greatly until you have to have repairs. But as we talked about earlier, repairs connected to refrigerant may be more costly because of the restricted amounts available.

Aside from that, your air conditioner frequently stops working at the worst time, often on the muggiest day when we’re experiencing many other requests for AC repair.

If your air conditioner relies on a discontinued refrigerant or is getting old, we suggest getting a new, energy-efficient air conditioner. This provides a trouble-free summer and may even decrease your cooling costs, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated system. Plus, Covington Air Systems offers many financing programs to make your new air conditioner fit your budget. Contact us at (770) 462-5319 to get started right away with a free estimate.